The Individualized Educational Program (IEP) is a written educational plan for a child with a disability. The IEP outlines a child’s individual strengths and needs and how they will be addressed. If your child is found eligible for special education services and you agree with the school division on eligibility, then a team will meet to determine your child’s individualized educational needs and draft the IEP. This team is called an IEP team. This team consists of the child’s parent or guardian, educators, administrators, and related service providers. Remember, to qualify for an IEP a child must have one or more of the 14 disabilities listed in IDEA; and as a result of the disability, the child requires specialized educational services to make educational progress in school. For more on the 14 disability categories, see Eligibility.

Read Individualized Educational Program Fact Sheet.

Click on each of the links below to find out more information about IEPs.

  1. IEP Meeting
  2. PLOP (Present Levels of Performance)
  3. Parental Concerns
  4. Annual Goals

Pathways Front Cover


To gain a deeper understanding of the special education law and process and your child’s associated rights, click here to order the Pathways Through Special Education in Virginia Manual! 




Online Guide
Evaluations ~ Eligibility ~ IEP Section 504
Transportation ~ Discipline

Special Education Advocacy Online Resource Guide

Have you found this page useful? Please use the following to spread the word:
Share on FacebookShare on Google+Tweet about this on TwitterShare on LinkedInEmail this to someonePrint this page